The 11th ACS annual conference will take place in Cebu, the Philippines during June 23-26, 2019. More information will be available soon

Categories: Highlights

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César Barros Leal · February 24, 2019 at 11:36 am

Dear friends

I am sending two abstracts of papers which I want to submit to you. During many years I took part in the meetings of the American Society of Criminology in the United States and Canada and gave many lectures. I also attended these meetings as chairman. After many years of absence (during this time I got my PhD degree in law), I am renewing my participation as lecturer in different countries.
César Barros Leal

President of the Brazilian Institute of Human Rights and
State Attorney of Ceará, Brazil.

Mandela Rules: the gap between them and the reality of prisons

The lecture will try not only to show what the United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners are, now titled Mandela Rules (named after one of the most famous prisoners of our contemporary history, imprisoned for twenty-seven years, who received the Nobel Peace Prize for his struggle for freedom, equality and democracy, and became President of South Africa), but also to make a small tour through their history and highlight their importance to the administration of prisons and the treatment of prisoners, in order to promote respect for their human rights. The lecture will explain how these rules can encourage the effort to overcome the bad conditions of the majority of prisons, aiming to reduce the gap between the minimum model that they pursue and the sad penitentiary reality of the members of United Nations.
Penalties in a world in transition

The history of criminal law is nothing more than the path of its ongoing and unstoppable reduction (for many, from a critical perspective, its own abolition), in a process that demands for its evolution – in order to bring order to disorder – to abandon concepts, theories, speed, trends and institutes which were diluted, with the passage of time, in their weakness and inconsistency. In a context of many shades, prison stands out as a historical mistake that is perpetuated over the centuries (nowadays, are more than nine million prisoners in the world, half of which are in the United States, Russia and China), despite the evidence of its failure as a means of sanction, intimidation and rehabilitation. We must repel, finally, policies of control and punishment that sell to the population magic formulas of crime restraint as if they were criminal law recipes; we do have to defend, alongside the preventive measures, the residual application of imprisonment and seek a criminal enforcement more in line with the ideals of justice and humanity.

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